She replaces David Fernando, who left earlier this month after only a year in the job. His predecessor, Jacqui Duckworth, also spent only 12 months in the role.
Dove, who has spent the past six months as a publisher within Condé Nast's contract magazines division, is joining Future with immediate effect.
The Bath headquartered company is centralising its London operations in new offices in Marylebone, following the acquisition of 38 titles from Highbury House Communications in May.
Future's advertising director Jayne Caple said: "There's a lot to do and London is central to our plans for developing Future's sales operation.
"We're moving into impressive new offices, bringing our London ad sales team together for the first time, so this is a great time to be joining Future."
As a publisher with Condé Nast's contract division, Dove oversaw the launch of Trader magazine and the Post Office contract win.
At the Mirror, she headed the sales teams for newspapers including the Daily Mirror, The People and the Sunday Mirror.
Dove also spent three years on the board of IPC Southbank, where she was responsible for 17 magazines including Marie Claire, Woman&Home and In Style.
After leaving the Mirror, Dove took some time away from the media industry due to a medical operation, but returned in April this year with Condé Nast.
Dove said: "I was offered this role with a big company and a big sales department. The whole department is moving to a new building with 100-plus people in Marylebone, so it was fantastic timing."